With a mite infestation (mange) dogs suffer from severe itching. The skin is red and inflamed. Eventually the dog loses its fur. In particular, if you do not react immediately and do not initiate treatment against the mites, complete fur loss can occur.
This is why you shouldn’t treat mange with home remedies. Your vet will treat the mite infestation with medication. This means that mange is well curable.
Mange in dogs
Mites live everywhere in our environment. The small arachnids cannot be seen with the naked eye. Usually they are not a problem at all. Unless mites nest as parasites under the skin. Then mange mites become very uncomfortable.
Many dog lovers are familiar with the horrific pictures of dogs with mange while abroad. It is therefore good that you are already dealing with the topic of mites. Because if you suspect mange, you have to act quickly to avoid worse consequences.
Can mange be transmitted to people?
One of the many species of mite that can attack our dogs is the mange mite or Sarcoptes scabiei var. Canis . This mite belongs to the grave mite. The name gra b mite is easy to confuse with the colloquial term gra s mite.
Grass mites are much larger. They are also known as autumn grass mites and are particularly common in southern Europe. The bites are very itchy. Although the itching can last for two weeks, grass mites are comparatively harmless to grave mites.
Grave mites also infect other domestic animals such as rabbits, guinea pigs or cats, as well as wild animals. The disease is extremely contagious. As a zoonosis, it can also be transmitted to humans .
Under optimal conditions, the mite can even survive in brushes and furniture cracks for some time. And so everyone in the area can be infected.
How do I know if my dog has mites?
- Mange manifests itself in hair loss.
- The skin around the eyes, around the corners of the mouth, and on the front legs becomes flaky.
- Red spots may appear on the skin.
- The bald skin shows sores.
This mainly happens in the area of the nose and eyes. The mites literally dig into the dog’s skin. With their mouthparts they dig tunnels and passages in the skin. This causes severe itching.
This often leads to secondary infections. The skin is scabbed and full of crusts. Over time, the skin becomes horny. More sebum is produced and so a rancid smell spreads .
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Treatment and diagnosis by the veterinarian
If your dog is suspected of being infected with mites, or if it has inexplicable itching and bald spots in its coat, you should contact your vet.
Around two to four weeks after the attack, this can also be detected in the blood. If mange is recognized and treated quickly, the dog has a very good chance of recovery.
Effective remedy for mange in dogs
It is treated with drugs that kill mites. These remedies can be necessary orally as well as externally.
The active ingredients are known:
In addition, a remedy can be given to calm the itching. In order to really get the annoying mites under control , all textiles such as blankets or couches as well as care utensils of the dog must be treated with mite-killing agents.
In most cases, the vet will also recommend high-quality oils that are mixed into the feed. Salmon oil is always very helpful with skin problems and ensures that the skin heals again quickly
How long the treatment takes depends entirely on how severely affected your dog is. Basically you can say that the dog is free of mites again after around one to three months. After that, most of the skin problems have subsided.
How do I prevent mites in dogs?
Unfortunately, you cannot really prevent it. A mite infestation is possible anytime and anywhere. However, there are a few things you can do to ensure that your pet’s immune system is optimally strengthened. Because a dog with a healthy immune system is much less likely to be attacked by mites.
If the animal is fit and healthy and the immune system is in good shape, your dog can usually deal with the mites completely on its own. You will probably not even notice the temporary infestation, or only barely notice it.
A healthy and balanced diet is the basis for good defenses against parasites such as mites. Dog food with a high meat content, some carbohydrates and high-quality oils with essential fatty acids should go without saying. With sufficient exercise and mental exertion , you also promote your dog’s health. With such a strengthened dog, mites hardly stand a chance.